Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Portraying the Urban Envirnoment Through the Film Entre Nos Essays

The film Entre Nos has numerous worldwide issues identified with it, for example, how to prevail in new urban condition, making due through an affectionate of kinship while being obscure in a major city, and thick urban situations. Entre Nos exhibits how living in a thick urban neighborhood is hard on the grounds that the populace is so high which makes it harder to land positions and discover lodging. The film likewise shows how having an affectionate of companions in a major city can be useful and can assist you with prevailing in the urban condition. The battles of movement are subsidiary to Entre Nos alongside the article â€Å"The Urban Prospect† by Lewis Mumford which talks about the populace emergency in the thick urban condition. A thick urban neighborhood is characterized as a topographically associated territory with a populace thickness of in any event 1,000 individuals for each square mile. Entre Nos happens in Queens, New York which is the fourth-most thickly populated region in the United States. Living in such a populated territory can cause numerous issues inside itself however increments in the event that you are inexperienced with the zone like Mariana and her kids were in the film. Since there are such huge numbers of individuals in these thick neighborhoods, work and living courses of action are difficult to find. With work, individuals in the general work power in the United States need somebody instructed who can communicate in English fluidly. This is hard for individuals of migration in light of the fact that the larger parts of them are outside and are getting the language of English. The instruction part is likewise hard on the grounds that regularly they have been working the entirety of th eir lives to help their families thus training was neither a need nor time sensible. In the article â€Å"The Urban Prospect† Lewis Mumford states â€Å"Given the high densities for... ...ck into our economy. Taking everything into account, Entre Nos showed that the populace in a thick urban neighborhood is the reason for the lodging and work power being low. Without legitimate instruction and familiarity with the English language, it is more enthusiastically to get fruitful in the United States. The film additionally exhibits how having a dear companion while living in the large city can help you over the long haul. Individual foreigners are attempting to work with one another not in rivalry. They share their experience and their insight with each other. The battle of outsiders was the last issue that emerged. While numerous settlers are coming here to look for satisfaction in their lives, Americans have such a negative point of view toward them that they are not ready to support them. They see them are criminals for taking our cash instead of dedicated individuals attempting to make a superior life for themselves.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Presentor notes for Conceptual Nursing Models free essay sample

Slide 1 †This is Sister Calista Roy. Sister Roy’s Adaptation Model, alluded to as RAM, was created in 1960, yet she kept on extending her calculated model as the years progressed. In the accompanying slides, we will visit a portion of the primary segments of Sister Roy’s Adaptation Model of Nursing Concept. We have talked about the a wide range of theoretical nursing models that influence the manner in which we approach how we treat our patients. As a gathering, we chose Roy’s Adaptation Model (RAM) since it is the model we as a whole most relate to. While evaluating the different reasonable models, we found that RAM, when used utilized as an appraisal device, is a magnificent idea in how to address or patients as entire people rather than only a disease or analysis. It causes attendants to consider the entirety of the components that might be influencing the patient, regardless of whether they are adding to the loss of wellbeing or being fit in helping to recover wellbeing. In the accompanying slides, we will tell the best way to use RAM in evaluating the patient, recognizing nursing conclusions and variables influencing the patient’s wellbeing, and making nursing care designs and proper objectives dependent on this data. Eventually, the objective is for us as attendants to recognize what’s wrong and how we can successfully help the patient in making changes to fix it. The RAM assists with including the entirety of the elements influencing this procedure, not simply the physical ones. Slide 2 The RAM reasonable model perceives the person as having bio-psychosocial parts that influence their wellbeing. The medical caretaker supports and assistants in helping adjustment to these individual segments by changing outside improvements. The 4 different ways an individual adjusts as indicated by the RAM are: 1. Physiological †The essential physical needs required for endurance. (E. g. food, water, oxygen, and so on ). 2. Self-Concept †This is the means by which an individual sees themselves or how they see themselves within the sight of others in their condition. 3. Job Function †This alludes to how an individual socially interfaces with others and their requirement for social honesty. This can be found in their jobs and obligations throughout their life, for example, being a parent, an expert, or a companion. 4. Relationship †This alludes to how an individual cooperates with others to find support, love and consideration. Slide 3 These segments help medical caretakers to consider the various aspects of every individual so the patient may saw as a multi-dimensional being, with the entirety of the alternate points of view of what influences every individual thought about as a component of the nursing appraisal. For instance, first, what essential and prompt physical needs should be tended to? Furthermore, how does the patient’s self-idea influence their general state? Thirdly, how do the patient’s jobs throughout their life influence their capacity for self-care? Lastly, how does that patient approach getting what they should be well? Is it true that they are ready to request help? Are their techniques for getting consideration powerful or pointless? These are instances of inquiry medical attendants pose to themselves as thought for the entirety of the components influencing their patient’s all out condition of prosperity. Slide 4 The RAM joins the four metaparadigm ideas of nursing, which are: individual, wellbeing, condition, and nursing. The first metaparadigm of nursing tends to the individual. The individual isn't only somebody in the bed wiped out at the emergency clinic. Nursing is worried about them as an individual in setting to whatever condition they are in. The individual can be wiped out or well. They might be considered as an individual or as a component of a family or network. Slam relates in light of the fact that Roy looked at that as an individual may have an individual self-idea, however they additionally see themselves according to others in their condition whether that be their family, boss, network, and so forth. The second metaparadigm, wellbeing is relative. An individual may have terminal malignant growth, however they see their personal satisfaction as great and feel solid in light of the fact that their present medications are mitigating indications for the time being and their every day life remains generally flawless. Similarly, an individual can be genuinely sound however sincerely and mentally unfortunate. Slam tends to wellbeing also. In RAM, an individual is a bio-psychosocial being. The medical attendant is thinking about the entire individual and their impression of themselves in their entire condition. Wellbeing here is likewise relative on the grounds that the patient’s recognition is contemplated. Slide 5 The third metaparadigm with respect to condition, the medical attendant considers not simply the quick physical condition, for example, the emergency clinic bed or center, yet in addition whatever condition the patient is in. This could include both strict and allegorical adaptations of their home life for instance. All the inner and outside impacts that influence that individual are considered similar to a piece of the earth in which they live. A model may be that while a person’s physical home is ratty, run down and without current utilities and adequate measures of warmth or food, their family is solid, strong, adoring and totally utilitarian inside their impediments. A substitute model would be a home that is joined with the entirety of the advanced luxuries, spotless, warm and supplied with food, water and anything a kid could request. Be that as it may, if a youngster lives in this apparently flawless home, yet a cherishing, steady and caring guardian is either never present or if there is brokenness in the relational peculiarities, for example, liquor abuse or misuse, this effects the earth all in all. The RAM thinks about that the patient is influenced by their condition and enables the attendant to concentrate on the most proficient method to help them in adjusting for a positive result. At long last, the fourth metaparadigm is that of nursing. Medical caretakers care for people just as networks, the wiped out and the solid, by advancing by and large wellbeing. Medical caretaker may go about as a consideration supplier by keeping an eye on prompt physical needs of by setting aside the effort to tune in or advocate for the patient when they can't for themselves. The medical attendant adjusts as per what the patient should be well. Smash relates here too in light of the fact that the job of the medical caretaker changes as indicated by what the individual needs to adjust so as to accomplish their wellbeing objectives and a general improved condition of wellbeing. Slide 6 †There are 3 explicit ways RAM can be utilized to improve nursing practice: plan as appraisal apparatus, use said device to shape nursing analyze, and to set objectives. In slide #6, we talk about the evaluation apparatus. To utilize RAM as the premise of an evaluation instrument, the attendant would utilize the four adaption methods of physiological, self-idea, job capacity and reliance to accumulate appropriate information about the patient. For the physiological mode, the attendant would evaluate every one of that has to do with the physical body. Key physical evaluations, for example, indispensable signs, heart, lung and gut sounds, skin condition, for example, turgor, shading, rising, neurovascular appraisal including flow, development and sensation, admission and yield designs with nourishment and liquid status contemplations are generally instances of information acquired as a component of the physiological method of appraisal. For the self-idea mode, the medical caretaker would survey how a patient perspectives themselves and according to other people. A case of this would be a 60yr old female patient with colon malignant growth who may be feeling discouraged and hesitant about the colostomy she should spare her life. For the job execution mode, the attendant would survey what impact the ailment may have on the patient’s life as far as their jobs and duties as they see them. For instance, a dad may be stressed that he won't have the option to accommodate his family monetarily. Or then again, maybe a lady who claims a privately-owned company might be worried that the weight of working the business while likewise thinking about her kids is laying exclusively on her life partner while she is sick and unfit to help with the day by day obligations. In the relationship mode, the medical attendant would survey the patient’s emotionally supportive network. For instance, an older lady who lives alone and has poor visual perception may be stressed that her family won't have the opportunity to help her at home with her prescriptions or be too glad to even consider asking for help to the bathroom when she needs help. Slide 7 †An auxiliary appraisal is utilized to figure out what improvements are influencing the versatile or absence of versatile conduct. Upgrades influencing the patient’s reaction can be central, logical or remaining. Here is a patient model where we can look and the changed upgrades: A 50yr elderly person who presents with an intensification of COPD. Upon conversation and physical evaluation, the attendant finds that the patient has a lot of worry at home, generally because of his ceaseless disease and keeps on smoking regardless of his lung condition. He is just decently agreeable, best case scenario with his suggested medicine routine as recommended by his primary care physician and concedes he doesn’t realize how to appropriately utilize his inhaler. An engaged pneumonic appraisal sounds uncover tight aviation routes with moderate discharges and reciprocal wheezing and lower flap rhonchi. These finding are separated into various kinds of upgrades as follows: Focal-Sputum and limited aviation routes in a patient whose lung sounds uncover wheezing and rhonchi. Relevant Patient history of COPD while having poor information on the best way to self-deal with the infection. Remaining The patient with COPD who keeps on smoking to manage worry in his/her family life. A powerful appraisal instrument is expected to gather and record information on our patients so what we can distinguish variations from the norm and screen for changes. The evaluation instrument assists with the coherence of care so the following medical attendant knows the patient’s pattern status as the individual in question plays out their own appraisal. Slide 8 †To utilize RAM as a device to frame a nursing conclusion, the medical caretaker gathers

Thursday, August 6, 2020

Morris, Lewis

Morris, Lewis Morris, Lewis, 1671â€"1746, American colonial official, first lord of the manor of Morrisania in New York. The son of Richard Morris (d. 1672; see Morris , family), he was born in that part of Westchester co. that is now part of the Bronx, New York City. He inherited large properties in New York and New Jersey, and in 1697 his New York estate was patented as the manor of Morrisania. In 1702, Morris traveled to England to help bring about the fall of proprietary government in New Jersey. He became a bitter opponent of the arbitrary rule of Lord Cornbury, who was governor of both New York and New Jersey, and aided in securing his removal (1708). In 1715 he was made chief justice of New York, but a subsequent struggle with Gov. William Cosby resulted in his removal (1733). Upon the separation (1738) of New Jersey from New York, Morris became the first governor of New Jersey, serving until his death. His stern administration was marked by much opposition and quarreling. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History: Biographies

Saturday, May 23, 2020

A Visit to Mable´s Fables, a Toronto Bookstore - 776 Words

A visit to Mable’s Fables was totally a new experience for me. First of all this was my first visit to any bookstore so I wasn’t expecting anything fancy except some children books on shelves , some kids and their parents. But I am glad to say that I was wrong. FIG 1 Mabels Fables is one of the oldest childrens bookstores in Toronto. They have been bringing kids closer to books and literature since 1988.They completed their 25th year anniversary last year in 2013. I visited the bookstore on 14th of February 2014.Most of the section was covered with red purple, blue, white and yellow. Most of the interior is with purple white and yellow. As it was valentines that’s why there was touch of color red everywhere. The place has been designed and painted in such a way that it sooths your eyes as soon u walk in the store. The color combination mesmerized me so much and had no option but to ask one of the staff members about who chooses the color scheme, the pattern, and the answer I got blew me off. The answer was it’s the staff members and manager that decide about how the things should be setup with what color scheme as they keep on changing it now and then according to the occasions. Mable’s fable is divided into 2 floors where the books are organised according to age. The ground floor is children section starting from babies till 10 years old kids. The books and display material over here were very colorful with bold titles. I found some of the books of our course in this

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Questions On Online Article On Facebook Essay - 1810 Words

Ten Practices To Express Gratitude While Serving Others By Mahalene Louis | Submitted On May 11, 2006 Recommend Article Article Comments Print Article Share this article on Facebook Share this article on Twitter Share this article on Google+ Share this article on Linkedin Share this article on StumbleUpon Share this article on Delicious Share this article on Digg Share this article on Reddit Share this article on Pinterest Expert Author Mahalene Louis Although quite young, I can still remember my parents asking me, What do you say? as I was receiving something, be it a fruit, a gift, or a compliment. Of course, they were looking for the magical words thank you, which many parents adamantly train their children to respond. Isn t it interesting that the very first training we encounter is to express gratitude! I find it very meaningful that, from the first Spiritual Law of Pure Potentiality comes the second Law of giving and receiving. Indeed, from the one comes the two, and with it, the dynamics of exchange. As written by Deepak Chopra Giving and receiving are different aspects of the flow of energy in the universe. And in our willingness to give that which we seek, we keep the abundance of the universe circulating in our lives. How can you use this law to provide your customers a most fabulous service, which they will gratefully appreciate, and remember? 1. Give thanks; What and gratitude It has been said that, if there was only one prayer, it would be oneShow MoreRelatedQuestions On Online Article On Facebook905 Words   |  4 Pages Print Article Share this article on Facebook Share this article on Twitter Share this article on Google+ Share this article on Linkedin Share this article on StumbleUpon Share this article on Delicious Share this article on Digg Share this article on Reddit Share this article on Pinterest Expert Author Julie P Birkwood Especially in harsh economic times, it s common for ordinary individuals to be in need of cash. But if your credit is below average, getting a loan may be difficult. In such a caseRead MoreFacebooks Effect On Emotional Loneliness1715 Words   |  7 Pages87% of young adults are on Facebook and in How Time Horizon Perceptions and Relationship Deficits Affect Impulsive Consumption by Sinha and Wang (2013) the result of their study proved that for young adults the emotional loneliness causes more impulsive behavior. With that said people who suffer from depression do not need to be more impulsive because of the constant threat of self-harm. And that is why I chose to research if our emotional loneliness is affected by Facebook intensity. Some relevantRead MoreThe Impact Of Social Media On Relationships1698 Words   |  7 Pagesexamine the extent social media has on relationships. Nowadays people are finding their significant other, as well as forming close friendships with others onli ne. â€Å"In particular, we now live in an era in which much of our social interaction is not of the face to face variety but rather takes place via text, instant message, Internet chat room, Facebook, Twitter†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (Aronson, p.348). Social interactions through media can have a positive impact on relationships; in regards to forming these bonds, at the sameRead MoreThe One Thing Students Can Improve Grades Dramatically !891 Words   |  4 Pages2011 Recommend Article Article Comments Print Article Share this article on Facebook 2 Share this article on Twitter 1 Share this article on Google+ Share this article on Linkedin Share this article on StumbleUpon Share this article on Delicious Share this article on Digg Share this article on Reddit Share this article on Pinterest Expert Author Nina Sunday Did you know smart students who gain top marks are less likely to be distracted with social networking sites such as Facebook, or texting,Read MoreSocial Media And Its Effects On Self Esteem And Self Control1422 Words   |  6 PagesAre Facebook users gaining any benefits from the popular social media site or just unconsciously being affected by all the negatives? Thanks to Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook launched in 2004 and has been growing in popularity ever since. The purpose of Facebook is to allow individuals to voice what matters to them all while connecting and engaging with others. The social media platform has users accessing worldwide and according to Facebook’s newsroom, in 2015 there was an average of 1.04 billion activeRead MoreSocial Web And Its Impact On Society895 Words   |  4 Pagesform many questions, from ethical to philosophical ones. Questions that Diane P. Michelfelder Professor of philosophy forms and addresses in the article Web2.0: Community as Commodi ty. Michelfelder argues that â€Å"social web† is both community and commodity and the purpose for writing this article is to create discussion of the ethical consequences the â€Å"social web† can have due to the disclosure of private information. In the beginning of the article Michelfelder states the research question explicitlyRead MoreKey Success Secrets On How Social Networks Effectively By Wendy Lugo Santiago Essay833 Words   |  4 PagesSocial Networks Effectively By Wendy Lugo Santiago | Submitted On September 12, 2010 Recommend Article Article Comments Print Article Share this article on Facebook Share this article on Twitter Share this article on Google+ Share this article on Linkedin Share this article on StumbleUpon Share this article on Delicious Share this article on Digg Share this article on Reddit Share this article on Pinterest Expert Author Wendy Lugo Santiago The discussion whether or not to use Social Media MarketingRead MoreCoding Sheet for Research Article1215 Words   |  5 PagesCoding Sheets COM 401 During the semester, you will complete four Coding Sheets based on four research articles. Coding sheets outline key aspects of a research study. The articles and the coding sheets should help you write your Literature Review. Thus, you should choose articles for your Coding Sheets that relate to the research question or theory you will be writing about later in the semester. Specifically, each coding sheet should include the following information: APA citation (usingRead MoreWhy Do People Create False Identities And What Are Its Outcomes?1539 Words   |  7 PagesSocial media, a national phenomenon that is at the tip of everyone s fingers. Whether it’s Facebook, Instagram, or twitter people can’t go a day without it. While most individuals think social networking is a great way to meet new people, it only compels people to do unethical things. This includes creating fake profiles and posing as another person. As individuals are creating these fake profiles they aren’t realizing the effect their lies are having on others as well as their own self-esteemRead MoreSocial Networking sites, and Resources1581 Words   |  7 PagesSocial Networking Sites, And Articles Social Networking Sites, And Articles Danielle Bachman INF 103 Computer Literacy Instructor: David Conway 3-14-2014 Abstract Social networks is a social networking services that are online services, platforms or sites that focus on reading, writing, voicing your ideas and share them with the world wide web two point zero Creating blogs, post, and the latest news and articles. What is digital literacy, are we safe or not? Online social networks have made

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Opposition to the Tsar increase in the years 1881-1914 Free Essays

Why did opposition to the Tsar increase in the years 1881-1914 During the period of 1881- 1914 opposition towards the Tsar in Russia increased. The main reasons as to why opposition towards the Tsar arose in Russia can be seen to be as a result of the discontentment growing between the Russian people. A strong sense of discontent spread throughout Russia, this because Russia had suffered from extreme domestic and economic troubles in this period. We will write a custom essay sample on Opposition to the Tsar increase in the years 1881-1914 or any similar topic only for you Order Now The most significant troubles which Russian citizens experienced -eventually leading to the opposition of the Tsar ,was their ant for political change, strict censorship, oppression of the Okrana, their want for political change , their poor standard of living , lack of trust of Tsarist government following the Russo-Japanese war and finally the 1905 revolution . The first cause as to why opposition to the Tsar increased in the years 1881-1914 is the Russian peoples want for political change. Their want for political change is due to the strict, oppressive and censored regime of state they lived in. Following the assassination of his father Alexander II, Alexander Ill undid the reforms previously made by his father nd introduced his own reforms during his reign of 1881-1894. One major reform introduced by Alexander was the Russification of Russia. This restricted the language in Russia to Russian only; it also openly started attacks on Jews. Despite the Jews being a minority group within Russia, the Jewish population was vast and a majority of Russians were Jewish, therefore the Russification of the Jews meant that the Tsar lost the support of a lot of the Russian population which led to further opposition. Alexander also launched a campaign of repression to all those supporting political eform, he also restricted press freedom as well as ensuring foreign books newspapers were rigorously censored. This led to unrest in Russia as many felt their freedom was taken away and were against the form of control they now were under. This was worsened as the Okhrana (the secret police) was established. The Okhrana worked undercover, infiltrating organisations and groups which might present a danger to the Tsar; the Okhrana was highly unpopular within Russia with the people as its tactics of control were severe and violent. This therefore increased opposition o the Tsar as a wide amount of Russians were angry at their lack of civil rights, which had been infringed under the Tsars reforms. The second cause as to why opposition to the Tsar increased in the years 1881-1914 was the poor standard of living the majority of the working class experienced . This is because despite the Russian industry and unemployment levels improving during the 1890s as a result of the ‘great spurt’, the working condition for the working class in factories and in industrial towns was very poor. Russia’s industrial towns could not cope with its ever rowing population and consequently the working class had to cope with poor working conditions and lower pay. This meant their standard of living declined and they could now only afford the minimum necessities the required to stay alive, despite working long hours in a poor working environment. As a response to this workers attempted to encourage a reform to better their working conditions. However they received no response torm the Tsarist ernment, this theretore led to the opposition of the Tsar as many felt neglected by the Tsar and Government. The third cause as to why opposition to the Tsar increased in the years 1881-1914 was the defeat of Russia in the Russo-Japanese war of 1904-1905. The defeat was a major blow to Russia who had been over confident about being victorious. The defeat led to a mutual feeling of humiliation across Russia, the Russian people would have been embarrassed that they a large country lost to what were a much smaller inferior country. The Russians blamed the government for the loss of the war and therefore resentment towards the government built up, not Just from the citizens but lso from the army and naw who were angry that they were under prepared for the war. The defeat also changed the Russian’s attitudes towards the Tsar Nicholas. The image of the Tsar being all powerful and the protector of his empire was severely affected, and people’s ideas about the Tsar changed, they thought he was powerful enough to bring them victory against Japan , especially as they believed the Tsar was chosen by God. However incidents such as the defeat in Tsushima showed that the Tsar was in fact weak as he did not lead Russia to victory. The defeat and failure of he Tsar led to people turning against him as their belief in him was lost, this therefore led to an increase in opposition towards the Tsar. The fourth cause as to why opposition to the Tsar increased in the years 1881-1914 was the uproar of the revolution in 1905. The Russian people were already marginally against the Tsar and government, but by 1905 the opposition increased dramatically leading to a revolution. The revolution began after five men were sacked from a factory in St Petersburg, the workers from the same factory felt the dismissal was unjust and herefore went on strike in protest in an attempt to get the workers reinstated. The word spread of the protest and by Friday 7th January 105,000 workers went on strike in disgust. Not only did many feel disgusted at the workers dismissal, the events further reminded them of the troubles they were facing under their state control, one of the most recent troubles being that their 1905 petition for political change was refused. Furthermore this led to large demonstrations being organised. However the Tsar and Government banned the demonstrations and placed thousands of troops round St Petersburg on bridges to stop the marches, in an attempt to keep public unrest under control to avoid further opposition spreading. Despite the protests being banned the marchers continued with their demonstrations and headed to the Winter Palace. However once they reached the Palace the demonstrators were shot down. The shootings at the demonstrators led to 800 participants being wounded and 200 killed. This led to greater opposition of the Tsar. This is because the shooting of the demonstrators ,which became known as ‘bloody Sunday, proved to the Russian itizens that the Tsar was unwilling to listen to their pleas and was prepared to go to the extremes of violence , killing their friends or family ,all in attempt to stop them from protesting for what they believed in. This therefore made them feel angry. How to cite Opposition to the Tsar increase in the years 1881-1914, Papers

Friday, May 1, 2020

Advertising free essay sample

Impact-based advertising seeks to give the user something of value, whether that is entertainment or information, and create a positive association with the reduce or service advertised. On the Internet, impact based advertising applies mainly to Web-based content although it can take the form of marketing email messages. With the increasing availability of high speed Internet connections, sophisticated Web based ads have become practical. A good example is a video that plays while the viewer looks at a Web page.Such videos often have distracting features such as handsome heroes, dancing dogs, crashing cars or marauding monsters. When an advertiser wants to maximize the impact of an ad, the placement of the ad is a critical consideration. Effective ad locations are in transitional Web pages or in pages that viewers are likely to look at for a sustained period of time. Some advertisers use pop ups that block desired content or pop under that remain on the screen even after the user exits the browser. We will write a custom essay sample on Advertising or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page However, many Web users find these tactics annoying and may react to them negatively.Ads that come between users and the content they have requested are a form of interruption marketing, a category that also includes telemarketing calls during the dinner hour and commercials during your favorite television show. According to a report from IBM,The End of Advertising as We Know It, the advertising world will go through more change in the next five years than it did in the previous 50. An increasing trend towards impact-based and permission based marketing is expected to be a part of that change. The Social Impact of Advertising The Social Impact of Advertising can be summed up as one that has significant impact on a given society. Advertising can have wide-ranging repercussions on a society. Some critics suggest that advertising promotes a materialistic way of life by leading people to believe that happiness is achieved by purchasing products. They argue that advertising creates a consumer culture in which buying exciting new products becomes the foundation of the society values, pleasures, and goals.Other critics express concern over the way advertising has affected women and racial minority groups. Ads in the 1 sass depicted women primarily as decoration or sex objects. Although millions of women worked outside the home in the sass, ads continued to focus on their role as homemakers. Whether owing to the feminist movement or to womens increasing economic power, after the sass it became more common to see women depicted in professional roles. However, many ads today still emphasize a womans sexuality.The way advertising has depicted racial minorities has also been harmful. Prior to 1 960, African Americans were usually shown in a subordinate position. Due to the influence of the civil rights movement, however, advertisers by the 1 sass had begun to depict African Americans as students, professionals, or business people. However, many African American organizations and community activists continue to object to the way that alcohol and tobacco companies have seemingly targeted low-income minority communities with a heavy preponderance of outdoor advertising for their products.As ads have begun to more fully reflect the lives of women and African Americans in the United States, increasing attention has been paid to the way in which advertising shows other ethnic gro ups, including Hispanics, Asians, Native Americans, and Eastern Europeans. There is still considerable debate over how advertising influences public perception of gender and of particular ethnic groups. Advertising has a major social impact by helping sustain mass communications media and making them relatively inexpensive, if not free, to the public. Newspapers, magazines, radio, and broadcast television all receive their primary income from advertising.Without advertising, many of these forms of mass communication might not exist to the extent that they do today, or they might be considerably more expensive, offer less variety, or even be subject to government control through subsidies. In depth news programs, a diversity of magazines, and free entertainment might no longer be widely available. At the same time, however, some critics warn that because advertising plays such a major economic role, it may exercise undue influence on the news media and thereby curtail the free flow of information in a free society.Reporters and editors, for example, may be hesitant to develop a news story that criticizes a major advertiser. As a result, society might not be alerted to harmful or potentially harmful conduct by the advertiser. Most members of the news media deny that pressure from an advertiser prevents them from pursuing news stories involving that advertiser, but some members of the Edie acknowledge that they might not be inclined to investigate an issue aggressively if it threatened to offend a major advertiser. Advertisers may affect media programming in other ways, too, critics charge.For example, companies that sponsor TV programs prefer relatively wholesome, uncontroversial programming to avoid offending a mass audience. This preference causes TV networks to emphasize this type of programming. The result is that society may be denied the benefits of being able to view challenging or highly original entertainment programs or news orgasm on controversial issues. Because advertisers are especially interested in attracting the 18 to 34 year olds who account for most consumers spending, television show s are often developed with this audience in mind. If the ratings show that a program is not attracting large audiences, particularly among 18 to 34 year olds, advertisers often withdraw support, which causes a program to be canceled. As a result, shows that are more likely to interest and to be of value to older audiences are not produced. The impact of television on young children has received much attention. Research suggests that children see television advertising as just another form of programming and react uncritically to its messages, which makes them especially vulnerable to advertising.There is also concern about the way in which adolescent girls respond to advertising that features beautiful, thin models. Research indicates that many adolescent girls are unduly influenced by this standard of beauty, become dissatisfied with their own bodies, and may develop eating disorders in pursuit of a thin figure. New research suggests that adolescent boys are also being influenced by advertising images of bulked up, buffed bodies. Advertising free essay sample Many advertisements are designed to generate increased consumption of those products and services through the creation and reinvention Of a brand image . For these purposes, advertisements sometimes embed their persuasive message with factual information. Every major medium is used to deliver these messages, including television, radio, cinema, magazines, newspapers, video games, the internet, direct mail, billboards, outdoor posters and sponsorship (the list is getting longer as new media are developed). Advertising is often placed in these media by an advertising agency acting on leaf of the client company or other organization, therefore they are acting as agents. Organizations that frequently spend large sums of money on advertising that sells what is not, strictly speaking, a product or service include political parties, government departments, interest groups, religious organizations, non-profit organizations and charities. However, just like brands they are competing for the consumers attention if not to consume a product ? to influence their behavior. We will write a custom essay sample on Advertising or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Money spent on advertising has increased dramatically in recent years. In 2007, spending on advertising has been estimated at over $150 billion (El 00 ban in the united States and $385 billion worldwide (IEEE ban). While there might have been a decline in the recessionary years, it is predicted that spending on advertising will exceed $450 billion (OBOE brow after 2010. While advertising can be seen as necessary for economic growth, it is not without social costs. Unsolicited commercial email and direct mail have become prevalent.Advertising Industry: While overall growth in the advertising industry is predicted, sectors of the industry appear to be in a mature phase with traditional media such swapper advertising revenue falling in the IIS and the rise of digital media and search engines such as Google and Yahoo. This has meant that both media owners and advertising agencies have had to take this into account and think carefully about their strategy. With the dawn of the internet came many new advertising opportunities. Popup, Flash, banner, Ponder, adverting, and email advertisements (the last often being a form of spam) are now commonplace. Particularly since the rise of entertaining advertising, some people may like an advertisement enough to sis to watch it later or show a friend. In general, the advertising community has not yet made this easy, although some have used the Internet to widely distribute their ads to anyone willing to see or hear them. Another significant trend regarding future of advertising is the growing importance of the niche market using niche or targeted ads.Also brought about by the Internet and the theory of The Long Tail, advertisers will have an increasing ability to reach specific audiences. In the past, the most efficient way to deliver a message was to blanket the largest mass market audience Seibel. However, usage tracking, customer profiles and the growing popularity Of niche content brought about by everything from blobs to social networking sites, provide advertisers with audiences that are smaller but much better defined, leading to ads that are more relevant to viewers and more effective for companies marketing products.Among others, Compass Spotlight is one such advertiser employing this method in their video on demand menus. These advertisements are targeted to a specific group and can be viewed by anyone wishing to find out more bout a particular business or practice at any time, right from Particularly since the rise of entertaining advertising, some people may like an advertisement enough to wish to watch it later or show a friend. In general, the advertising community has not yet made this easy, although some have used the Internet to widely distribute their ads to anyone willing to see or hear them. Popularity of niche content brought about by everything from blobs to social Growing need for advertising: Increasingly, other media are overtaking many of the traditional media such s television, radio and newspaper because of a shift toward consumers usage of the Internet for news and music as well as devices like digital video recorders (DVDs) such as Tivoli. Digital signage is poised to become a major mass media because of its ability to reach larger audiences for less money.Digital signage also offers the unique ability to see targeted audience where they are reached by the medium. Technological advances have also made it possible to control the message on digital signage with much precision, enabling the messages to be relevant to the target audience at any given time ND location which in turn, gets more response from the advertising. Digital signage is being successfully employed in supermarkets. Another successful use of digital signage is in hospitality locations such as re staurants and malls. Advertising on the World Wide Web is a recent phenomenon. Prices of Web- based advertising space are dependent on the relevance of the surrounding web content and the traffic that the website receives. Reasons for online display advertising: Display ads generate awareness quickly. Unlike search, which requires someone to be aware Of a need, display advertising can drive wariness of something new and without previous knowledge. Display works well for direct response. Display is not only used for generating awareness, its used for direct response campaigns that link to a landing page with a clear call to action.E-mail advertising is another recent phenomenon. Unsolicited bulk E-mail advertising is known as e-mail spam. Spam has been a problem for e-mail users for many years. A new form of advertising that is growing rapidly is social network advertising. It is online advertising with a focus on social networking sites. This is a relatively immature market, but it has shown a lot of promise as advertisers are able to take advantage of the demographic information the user has provided to the social networking site.Predestining is a more precise advertising term in which people are able to direct advertisements toward others directly using social network services. As the mobile phone became a new mass media in 1 998 when the first paid downloaded content appeared on mobile phones in Finland, it was only a matter of time until mobile advertising followed, also first launched in Finland in 2000. By 2007 the value of mobile advertising had reached $2 billion and providers such as Adman delivered billions of mobile ads. More advanced mobile ads include banner ads, coupons, Multimedia Messaging Service picture and video messages, advertises and various engagement impracticalness. A particular feature driving mobile ads is the AD barded, which replaces the need to do any typing of web addresses, and uses the camera feature of modern phones to gain immediate access to web content. 83 percent of Japanese mobile phone users already are active users Of AD Barbados. Some companies have proposed placing messages or reporter logos on the side of booster rockets and the International Space Station.Unpaid advertising (also called publicity advertising), can provide good exposure at minimal cost. Personal recommendations (bring a friend, sell it), spreading buzz, or achieving the feat of equating a brand with a common noun (in the United States, Xerox photocopier, Kleenex = tissue, Baseline = petroleum jelly, Hoover = vacuum cleaner, and Band- Aid = adhesive bandage) these can be seen as the pinnacle of any a dvertising campaign. However, some companies oppose the use of their brand name to label an object.

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Servant Leadership free essay sample

A few famous examples of servant leaders are George Washington, Gandi and Caesar Chavez. Key Principles In a publication released by Nova Southeastern University, 10 principle characteristics were identified of servant leadership (Leadership development -, 2007). 1. Listening Listening skills are vital for all leadership styles. Servant leaders make a deep commitment to intently listen to others. They seek to identify the will of a group or individual and listen to what is being said. 2. Empathy It is important to understand and have compassion for others. People need to feel accepted and recognized for their unique qualities. Leaders must assume the good intentions and not reject them as people. 3. Healing Learning to heal is a powerful force for transformation and integration. A greatest strength of servant leaders is the potential to heal one’s self and others. 4. Awareness General awareness, especially self-awareness, strengthens the servant leaders. 5. Persuasion Leaders rely on persuasion rather than positional, authoritative, decision making. We will write a custom essay sample on Servant Leadership or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Seeking to convince others, rather than coerce, is a goal of the leader. 6. Conceptualize Dreaming great dreams† is an ability that must be self-nurtured in a leader. The ability to look at a quandary from a conceptualizing perspective means a leader must think beyond everyday realities. Leaders must seek balance conceptualization and day to day focus. 7. Foresight Foresight enables a leader to capitalize on lessons learned from the past, realities of the present and a likely outcome of a decision. 8. Stewardship Greenleaf’s view of all institutions was one in which CEO’s, staff, directors and trustees all play significant roles in holding institutions in trust for the greater good of society. . Commitment to the Growth of People Leaders believe people have an intrinsic value beyond tangible contributions as workers. As a result, genuine interest in the spiritual, professional and personal growth of all employees is demonstrated. 10. Building Community Leaders se ek to identify a means for building a sense of community among those who work in a given institution. Differences from Other Styles In the approach on general leadership characteristics, the fundamental difference is authentic leaderships strive to be â€Å"real†, whereas servant leaders strive to be â€Å"right. Servant leadership is a style that lays down a set of characteristics that all leaders are supposed to emulate to attain success, and tries to shape the character and personality of the leader. On the other hand, authentic leaders tend to rely on their own unique set of experiences and style that has been learned and developed throughout their career. The main difference between servant and authentic styles, when applying into practice, is the serving of others. One of the primary applications is to give priority to the interest of others. Servant leaders exercise their duty by fulfilling needs, aspirations and duties of those in their organization. Authentic leaders don’t put much emphasis in responding to the needs or desires of others. Servant leaders’ style recommends listening, persuading, and empathy when approaching difficult situations, even in times of crisis. Authentic leaders are proactive and adapt their style to the situation. These leaders can be inspiring in one situation and tough about people related issues in another (Nayab, 2010). Strengths/Weaknesses (Nayab, 2011) Strengths 1. Contribution to organizational development. Leaders proactively set the way, and will inspire subordinates to perform by empowering them to follow. Such inspiration leads to collective efforts, creating a synergy. 2. Contribution to the all-around development of the employee. The leader helps employees attain physical and intellectual vitality and fitness, allowing them to lead balance lives. 3. Servant leadership’s value based approach helps organizations in the business environment where values, empowerment, and commitment play a big role in success. Weaknesses 1. The soft approach does not fit well into a competitive environment. Servant leaders may lag behind those other styles better suited for a competitive environment. Accountability and responsibility may get diluted. 2. Does not always work or resolve issues related to employee-organization fit. A primary function of all leaders is to match candidates with organization objectives. Servant leaders put the individual’s goals/needs as the primary concern. 3. Building a sense of â€Å"community† among team members may not fit well for all members. Many wish not to share personal lives or aspirations with others at work. Personal Reflection Servant leadership may apply best in certain situations such as politics or association management. But in its purest theory, I am not convinced servant leadership is a practical leadership style 100% of the time, for any type of business. It does have many qualities that I agree with, and practice a large extent of the time. For example, I view everyone I work with as a customer. I see it as my responsibility to help them achieve success in their role. It is my duty to provide them with every resource needed in order to succeed, and it is their duty to tell me what they need. Sometimes, that includes a holistic approach, and sometimes it is as simple as acquiring a printer for them. I tread lightly when personal life problems present themselves, however. I will assist in providing direction for an employee to get the help they need, such as an EAP program, or a Pastor in our ministry development initiative. On the other hand, it is also my duty to provide corrective action, redirection, or other forms of performance feedback when employees stray from goals, objectives, vision, mission or values. As I mentioned, a part of my management style is to serve the needs of subordinates. I can’t deny it isn’t entirely for unselfish reasons. I use it as a motivational tactic to achieve positive outcomes. However, I am sincere in my communications in order to build trust. Good managers put the needs of others ahead of their own. However, good managers cannot put subordinate needs ahead of customers, organizational needs or stakeholder needs. Blending all styles of leadership and adapting to unique situations or people will produce positive outcomes in the long run. However, it is my opinion holding true to only one style of leadership may cause problems for the organization, or an individual manager. References: 1. What is servant leadership?. (n. d. ). Retrieved from http://www. greenleaf. org/whatissl/ 2. Leadership development Servant Leadership. (2007, August 1). Retrieved from http://www. nova. edu/studentleadership/development/servant_leadership. html 3. Nayab, N. (2010, June 8). Servant leadership vs. authentic leadership: What are the differences?. Retrieved from http://www. brighthub. com/office/home/articles/73574. aspx 4. Nayab, N. (2011, May 25). Servant leadership theory strengths and weaknesses. Retrieved from http://www. brighthub. com/office/home/articles/73511. aspx? cid=parsely_rec

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Research Paper Introduction about Facebook

Research Paper Introduction about Facebook Research Paper Introduction about Facebook A human being is a social creature. Thats why communication is an absolute necessity for people. While there are several traditional channels of communication, new ones appear which has an impact on how people communicate. One of such things is a dawn of social networks. It was not Facebook that was the first social network, but it wasnt until Facebook was launched that social networks gained worldwide popularity. Since its launch in 2004 Facebook has attracted more and more users with every passing year. What was the reason for its success? First of all, it gave us a new understanding of communication via the internet. People has now become closer to each other, having an opportunity to keep in touch no matter how far they are from each other. This has made Facebook one of the symbols of globalization. Not only does it give people an opportunity to communicate, it has also become an independent source of information which people can share independently, if compared to other mass media. Our research paper has to find the answers to several questions concerning Facebook that affect its users. The first one is how exactly does it change the way people communicate. We are interested in whether communicating online can change the way people communicate in real life, and which one people prefer. Another issue is how communication online changes peoples behavior compared to real-life communication. We are going to have a closer look at recent incidence of Internet bullying in social network and try to find out whether services like Facebook give such people more opportunity to express their anger and behave in an aggressive manner. Another important issue that has to be mentioned is privacy. We have to define whether it is unethical for websites like Facebook to use our private information for their own purposes, for example for customizing advertisement according to particular users preferences. Another side of a problem is whether it is ethical to use fake accounts with information that does not correspond to the reality. Our goal is to make people more aware of such issues since they often do not read terms and conditions while signing up which can later lead to misunderstanding. Talking about opportunities that Facebook offers its users, we cannot but mention how people can use this social network to promote their own business. The increasing popularity of social media has led to a new branch of Internet marketing – SMM (social media marketing). Facebook users also have an opportunity to create and join various communities which has an impact on life in a society. For example, such communities allow people to discuss urgent questions that are connected with their life in a society. This makes it easier for community-based organizations to function and makes cooperation of its members more effective. Some Tips on Writing a Research Paper Introduction One of the easiest ways of writing a research paper introduction about Facebook is writing it after you have finished the whole paper. The reason is that an introduction needs a thesis statement, which is basically a summary of the work put into one or two sentences. Therefore, you need to develop you research starting out from your thesis statement. Or, you can compile your thesis statement, based on your research, which is a lot easier. It is like having all of the aces already up your sleeve.  Also, dont forget that you can ask for help. There is always somebody who can show you a good example or point to your errors. At writing service you can get a custom research paper about  Facebook written by experienced academic writers. All you need is to order your paper at our website!

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Evolution of Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Evolution of Revolution - Essay Example Marlon Brancho is an American screen and stage actor of the film the wild ones. He brought realism to the film industry thus becoming influential. The film Wild One starred by Marlon Brando features on real life event that occurred in 1947 during a weekend in California whereby a gang of motorcyclists converged and dominated in a small Town for two days causing trouble without confrontation (Harris 5). In addition, Easy Rider is an American road movie acted in 1969 by Peter Fonda. On the context, it depicts two bikers traveling through American southwest and south to New Orleans to attend a Mardi Gras. They have an objective of achieving freedom. In their trip, Wyatt and Billy meet and took a meal together. They leave for Mexico where they bought drugs intending to sell it at the American border. They sold the cocaine to a man riding in Rolls Royce (Canby 3). In the rebel without a cause film, conflict is ensued with remarkable symbol of social unrest such as drug abuse, violence, sexual promiscuity anxiousness over the future and emotional isolation. The film depicted extends of turmoil associated with the adolescent. The film directed by Ray gave both social commentary and unlike previous films it depicted delinquents in slums at urban environment. In my opinion, the movie acted in Hollywood had common themes used that showed such families as perfect avoided. In a further aspect, the rebel without cause considered American family as not perfect. In all cases, all have their missteps. I do not concur with the existence of as completely joyful families as rebels show the tortures among parents and mostly in youths (Ebert 7). We can see a rebellious teenager, who upon enrolling in his new high school after meeting a girl, disobeys his parents and goes against the schools bullies thus portraying the king of moral decay among American youths, critique parental style. From the film, it is seen that after James dies, the rebel was released.

Monday, February 3, 2020

In the news 1 Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

In the news 1 - Assignment Example Things have taken a new twist when Eduardo Campos was killed when a plane he was in crashed and the former environment minister was confirmed as his successor. Analysis predicts that Marina Silva as well as Rousseff have the same number of votes in the initial round that may result in a subsequent round of votes which may go in her favor. Miss Silva presents her candidature as a manner of fronting political renewal since she is neither a part of the Workers’ Party nor the PSDB which have been dominant in the politics of the country for the last twenty years. She has developed to be a viable alternative since she supports efforts towards change from both sides in Brazil while showing support for the business friendly policies making her win the sympathy of votes from the elite. It is ironic that her support amongst the middle class which has developed in the society in the last ten years is increasing among the Workers’ party administration. This may be happening as a result of people joining the formal job market and beginning to pay taxes which have changed their expectations. The Workers’ Party has lifted many Brazilians out of poverty through increases in minimum wage and school programs that have increased attendance. On the other hand, support dwindled when costs of transport started rising and police violence escalated in relation to the world cup. The approval ratings are rapidly decreasing but showed some improvement in July as a result of the World Cup running

Sunday, January 26, 2020

Public Opinion and Military Intervention

Public Opinion and Military Intervention For modern day states, especially democracies, the outcome of a military intervention is not just determined by the outcome on the battlefield but is also to a huge extent determined by the public opinion. The â€Å"Vietnam syndrome† and the much recognized and debated topic regarding Vietnam as a political loss for the American is deeply interconnected with public opinion on the intervention. The aim of this paper is two understand how public opinion can ‘make’ or ‘break’ a military intervention. I will do this by firstly looking at how an activated opinion of the masses can dictate a government’s decision to intervene or not. Secondly, I will look at the casualty hypothesis wherein in a loss-averse public starts to view an intervention negatively as casualties start mounting up. For a long time public opinion was disregarded by academicians. Numerous communication models, like the Hypodermic Needle model or the Magic Bullet model, assumed that the public were mere consumers of information and that they lacked the element of rationality. As a result of this belief, which largely stemmed from the works of the Chicago School during the aftermath of the Second World War and the tragedy of Nazi Germany, it was believed that the public were vulnerable to any information being â€Å"injected† into them as a result of which their opinion was inconsequential. It was in this context that the idea, â€Å"the President doesn’t follow public opinion, he leads it† emerged.[1] However, this dismissal attitude towards public opinion started to change as more and more research started to point towards the inherent rationality of the public and their ability to assimilate, analyze and impact policies, especially in the case of liberal and democratic societies.[2] Public opinion can in the words of V.O. Key be described as, â€Å"those opinions held by private persons which the government find it prudent to heed†. The monumental impact of public opinion can be seen through the electorate decisions that the public makes. Therefore, democratic states need to pay attention to the demands of the public and are to huge extent dictated by the public opinion. In democratic states, the civil-military relations are such that the power of decision making pertaining to military intervention largely lies with the executive and the legislative, which in turn is affected by public opinion, and not with the military. The inter-connectedness of civil-military relations is not just limited to the decision of making a military intervention or not. It includes the use of military to promote democratic values in other countries and is also reflected in the â€Å"cultural dimensions of strategy and policy†. In fact, post the Cold War era there has been an increased acceptance of the fact that culture, which includes identity, political culture in the †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..of the structure of decision-making and public opinion, has increasingly become a factor in determining the course of today’s complex and interconnected world.[3] Here it is important to note that every time the state makes the decision for or against a military intervention it does not proactively seek the public’s opinion. This can be attributed to the fact that the public does not always have a well articulated opinion. However, this does not mean that the public does not have any opinion; it only means that the opinion is â€Å"latent†. Latent public opinion refers to â€Å"ingrained sets of values, criteria for judgement, attitudes, preferences, dislikes – pictures in [the] head- that come into play when a relevant action, event, or proposal arises†.[4] It shows that the public can many a times be considered as detached and/or uniformed. However, it is important to note that an unsophisticated public is not necessarily an irrational one.[5] Latent opinion when manifested can translate into active opinion. Therefore, it can be said that latent opinion has potential for expression- provided it is activated by some message or event. According to Mood theory that was articulated by Gabriel Almond, opinion becomes activated when two things happen simultaneously- a) events that directly threaten the normal conduct of affairs, and b) occurrence of assertive or self-confident moods among the public. Here the role of elite debate and media is crucial. A polarized public debate between key decision-makers which is covered by the media provides the public with signals that helps convert latent into activated opinion. The existence of latent public opinion is most visible in the case of foreign policy. Given the remoteness and the complexity of foreign policy the public is not very well informed about the foreign policy neither does it have a consolidated and concrete opinion on foreign policy matters. It is, particularly, difficult to assess Public opinion in the matters of Foreign policy. For instance, Public is unlikely to have refined views on issues of arms control and trade agreements as there are significant gaps in public knowledge on these issues. In the context of military intervention the public opinion is driven by two key factors- a) the relation between domestic and international politics, and b) the number of casualties sustained. ‘Making or Breaking’ a military intervention Two- Level Game A government’s foreign policy and domestic policy have a deep impact on each other. That means a state does not intervene independent of domestic considerations. In fact, international negotiations between states, including the decision to militarily intervene, occur simultaneously with negotiations at the intra-national level. That means the executive needs to take into consideration the internal political environment while trying to deal and decide on an external policy. Economic, political and social factors all come into play while making such decisions; this is where public opinion, whether active or latent, also comes into play by either making a case for or case against military intervention. Japanese PTF Brazilian Domestic politics can have a direct bearing on international politics and vice versa. It is, therefore, important for policy makers to achieve domestic policy goals so as to maintain  international bargaining power. On the other hand, international negotiations must also be in tandem with domestic constraints. These premises are integral to Putnams Two-Level Game theory of international relations. At the national level, domestic groups often pressurise the government to adopt favorable policies to promote their interests. In turn the politicians seek power by forming coalitions among those groups. At the international level, national governments seek to maximize their own ability to satisfy domestic pressures, while minimizing the adverse consequences of foreign developments. Putnams theory involves two levels of interaction among players. It is important to note  that the two-level game is incredibly complex; moves that are rational for a player at one  stage may be injudicious for that same player at the other stage (Putnam 434). To  simplify the game, it is broken down into two levels international and domestic. At  Level I, the international level, bargaining between the negotiators leads to a tentative agreement. At this level of negotiations, the chief negotiator is the main negotiating force. The chief negotiator can be an individual, multiple persons, or single/multiple organizations depending on the situation. Level II, the domestic audience, constitutes separate discussions by supporters of the chief  negotiator about whether to ratify the agreement. Level II can be characterized as a parliament, ratification vote, or any number of other instances requiring acceptance of the Level I agreement. The agreement formulated at Level I must be voted up or down by the constituents at Level II. Crucially, the important inter-relationship between the two levels is that any Level I agreement must be ratified by Level II (Putnam 436). Any modification of the agreement at Level II counts as a rejection of Level I and will require a re-opening of negotiations at Level I; final ratification must be voted either up or down by Level II (Putnam 437). II)  Causalities and Public Opinion In contemporary times the growing awareness and concern for human rights has led to the birth of a strong correlation between the number of casualties sustained and the public opinion about the military intervention. Sensitivity to causalities is believed to be the â€Å"Achilles’ heel of modern-day democracies†.[6] Favorable public opinion is an essential element to any administration’s ability to prosecute war. This is because public opinion can constrain an administration’s ability to carry out its foreign policy goals, especially if the boundaries of what is acceptable to the public are breached. If the war drags on, casualties are sustained, the principal foreign policy objectives are considered illegitimate or the public perceives that the policy is not being successful, it may â€Å"push back† against or punish an administration by voting against it in the next election. This relationship is extremely strong and visible in the West as a result of, what Gerard Chaliand terms as, â€Å"the West’s inability to stomach the losses†. With the establishment and recognition of human rights coupled with a demographic trend that suggests lower fertility and birth rates as compared to other parts of the world ensures that each and every life counts. These trends can be seen all throughout military interventions post the Second World War- ranging from the Vietnam and Korean War to Afghanistan and Iraq War, including the humanitarian interventions in Kosovo and Somalia. As a result of a loss-averse public, the decision to intervene is to large extent determined by the public’s understanding of a) the possible swiftness of an attack, and b) the mounting cost of the intervention, especially in terms of the human lives. If the public is convinced that an intervention will be quick and will not protracted then it is more likely to create a favourable environment for the intervention amongst the people. However, if there are indicators that hint towards a long drawn-out conflict then the public opinion is bound to be largely against any such intervention. This can be seen during the Gulf War during Sr. Bush’s administration. Even though America’s ability to go for an ‘all-out’ war in other countries had been largely crippled as a result of the â€Å"Vietnam syndrome†, America was able to make a case of its intervention in the Gulf as a result of the swiftness of the attack. Additionally, given the heavy-dependence on aerial attacks the Americans and their allies were able to minimize personal losses which created a further favourable public opinion. Having said this, the public opinion can start to wither away as the public becomes aware of the mounting casualties. Over four thousand American casualties and over four years of conflict have  had a significant influence on public support for the war in Iraq. The media response to  the climbing casualty rate, the November 2006 mid-term election results, and recent elite  political rhetoric demanding withdrawal are important indicators that public support for  this conflict has deteriorated. A good example of this is the public’s response to the Bush administration’s Iraq policy in the November 2006 election. In fact, â€Å"public opinion, the support and mobilization of which is required for sustaining an extended conflict, plays a critical role in resolution, especially when  government preferences diverge from majority opinion.†So important is public opinion  that it may be America’s Achilles Heel. BIBLIOGRAPHY Kim, Jiyul.Cultural Dimensions of Strategy and Policy. Strategic Studies Institute, 2009. http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=919 (accessed September 25, 2014). Key, V.O.Politics, Parties, and Pressure Groups. Crowell, 1964. Schwarz, Benjamin C.Casualties, Public Opinion and U.S. Military Intervention. Arroyo Center: RAND, 1998. Smith, Eric R.A.N.The Unchanging American Voter. California: University of California Press, 1989. [1] The Followership Model of Public Opinion states that the general public is more likely to be lead by the decision-makers rather than lead them. [2] Refer to the work of Benjamin Page and Robert Shapiro (1992) [3] Jiyul Kim,Cultural Dimensions of Strategy and Policy, (Strategic Studies Institute, 2009) http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=919 (accessed September 25, 2014). [4] V.O. Key,Politics, Parties, and Pressure Groups, (Crowell, 1964), 264. [5] Eric R.A.N Smith,The Unchanging American Voter, (California: University of California Press, 1989). [6] Benjamin C. Schwarz,Casualties, Public Opinion and U.S. Military Intervention, (Arroyo Center: RAND, 1998), chap. 1.

Saturday, January 18, 2020

Common Information Security Threats Essay

The internet is approximately 40 years old and is continuing to grow at a rapid pace. This rapid growth and use of the internet for practically everything you can do in life has also cause a major increase in threats. Cyber-criminals are often breaking into security on many major websites and making the news. Information Security is turning into an important part in protect a business’s information. Amazon.com website went online in 1995 (Byers, 2006). Amazon offers there services and products through the website Amazon.com to many countries around the world, which includes: United States, Canada, France, Spain, Japan, Italy, Germany, United Kingdom, and China (Amazon, 2012). Amazon has been around for approximately 17 years and continuous to be a successful business. One of the reason for this is because Amazon investing time in Information Security. Amazon has a massive amount of information on servers around the globe contain sensitive information, not only information for Amazon but also for Amazon’s customers. Some examples of the information Amazon maintains on the servers they own: product information, warehouse information, call center information, customer service information, service information, customer account information, bank information, cloud computing information, digital media download information, and reviews of customers for product information (Amazon, 2012). There will always be some kind of the potential risks to the information maintained by any business or person because new vulnerabilities are found every day. Just recently, on August 7, 2012, a wired magazine reporter’s information stored on his Google account, Twitter account, MacBook, iPad, and iPhone where erased without the user wanting this done. A hacker that goes by the name of Phobia comprised the reporters Amazon account with a security exploit. The security exploit allowed Phobia to access the reporter’s Amazon account by calling and resetting the passwords over the phone with the reporters co mpromised AppleCare ID and Amazon ID (Kerr, 2012). Amazon responded with the following, â€Å"We have investigated the reported exploit, and can confirm the exploit has been closed as of yesterday afternoon (Kerr, 2012).† Another major breach in security for Amazon occurred on the Zappos.com, which Amazon also owns. 24  million accounts where compromised, which included the following account information: names, shipping addresses, billing addresses, phone numbers, and email addresses (Vilches, 2012). Zappos CEO Tony Hsieh wrote in an email that the hackers gained access to the internal network of Zappos allowing the hacker’s access to the server that was in Kentucky. On October 28, 2011 a researcher uncovered a massive security flaw in the Amazon Cloud service that is provided by Amazon (Hickey, 2011). A team of German researchers found a way that hackers would be able to access user accounts and data. The methods of attack the security researchers found that the Amazon Cloud service was vulnerable to where signature wrapping and cross site scripting. XML signature wrapping attacks were developed that could completely take over a user account with administrator permissions for the Amazon Cloud accounts. The AWS interface could also be manipulated to run an executable code and create cross-site scripting attacks. The researchers said that they had access to all the customer data, including authentication data, tokens, and passwords (Hickey, 2011). There are many other vulnerabilities for Amazon that may exist but are not known. Intruders (hackers) are a major threat for Amazon as proven from the previously listed examples. When the attack is done by a small group or just one person the threat will fall into the unstructured category (Conklin, White, Williams, Davis, & Cothren, 2012). Threats caused by attacks by hackers that are in a criminal group are known to fall into the structured category (Conklin, White, Williams, Davis, & Cothren, 2012). Physical security is important to remember because if a hacker can get into the internal network and infrastructure, it can be much easier to gain unauthorized access to the network. Information Security risk analysis is used to access the vulnerabilities, threats, and how to set controls for an organization (Whitman, 2011). List of what can be vulnerable: Web Servers, Computer Servers, Routers, Client, Databases, Firewalls, Software, Power, and Transmission. List of threats: Denial of Service Attacks, Spoofing and Masquerading, Malicious Code/Virus, Human Errors, Insider Attacks, Intrusion, Spamming, and Physical Damage to Hardware. List of costs: Trade Secrets, Client Secrets, Trust, Lost Sales, Clean up Costs, Information, Hardware, Software, Services, and Communication. List of controls to be used: Firewalls, IDS, Single Sign-on, DMZ, Security policy, Employee  Training, Configuration of Architecture, and Hardening of Environment. All of these lists can be put into a chart to help form a risk analysis and setup controls to be used for Amazon (Conklin, White, Williams, Davis, & Cothren, 2012). The legal, ethical, and regulatory requirements for protecting data need to be thought about when it comes to Information Security. Statutory laws, administrative laws, and common laws currently exist and are involved in computer security. New cyber laws are being defined by the courts, but none of these laws have been used yet (Conklin, White, Williams, Davis, & Cothren, 2012). In 1986, the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) was established to make it a crime to access computer systems when not authorized. Amazon has been around for 17 years and has a good track record for catching security risks and patching them quickly. With the internet continuing to grow at such a rapid pace, Amazon and everyone wanting to maintain their data integrity needs to tight down on their Information Security protocols. Information Security is turning into an important part in protect a business’s information. References Amazon. (2012). Amazon. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com Byers, A. (2006). Jeff Bezos: the founder of Amazon.com. New York, NY: The Rosen Publishing Group. Conklin, A., White, G., Williams, D., Davis, R., & Cothren, C. (2012). Principles of Computer Security: CompTIA Security+ and Beyond (Exam SY0-301) (3rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Company. Hickey, A. R. (2011, October 28). Researchers Uncover ‘Massive Security Flaws’ In Amazon Cloud. Retrieved from http://www.crn.com/news/cloud/23190911/researchers-unconver-massive-security-flaws-in-amazon-cloud.htm Kerr, D. (2012, August 7). Amazon addresses security exploit after journalist hack. Retrieved from http://news.cnet.com/8301-1009_3-57488759-83/amazon-addresses-security-exploit-after-journalist-hack/ Vilches, J. (2012, January 16). Amazon owned Zappos hacked. Retrieved from http://www.techspot.com/news/47060-amazon-owned-zappos-hacked-24-million-accounts-compromised.html Whitman, M. E. (2011). Readings and Cases in Information Security: Law and Ethics. New York, NY: Cengage Learning.

Friday, January 10, 2020

Top Tok Essay Topics 2013 Tips!

Top Tok Essay Topics 2013 Tips! You must inject into your writing things people will be interested by. Essay ideas on city vs village life it's a topic of personal preference and convenience which determines whether people decide to stay in. There are things people do due to the actual need, and there are things made by men and women that are guided by their subjective urge to truly feel beautiful. If you are searching for one, you will find it on our site as we've made thousands of TOK texts for people around the world and can offer you extraordinary samples that can showcase our work together with get you started with your own. Making certain your evidence actually supports your claim is among the toughest characteristics of the essay. Real art can rarely be placed into practice for a consequence of the sudden impulse. Since our knowledge is mostly based on intuitions and assumptions about what an individual's behavior is likely to be5, it can then be inferred by historians what will occur in the future. Normally, in the conclusion the writers repeat the things that they have already stated quite a few times. Put simply, it's not possible to develop into a specialist in some practical sphere without actually practicing it for some time period. As a conclusion, our group of skilled experts also provides a last verdict which will help you make a well-informed choice. You may also consider looking at an exemplar online for each question that you're considering. Bear in mind the essay you're structuring isn't just like any other, it's a Theory of Knowledge Essay. Buying essays should not result in a headache. Clarity You have to be able to compose a well-structured essay. The Sample TOK Essay demonstrates the appropriate structure and content that has to be utilized in such essay. The Most Popular Tok Essay Topics 2013 Your school should supply the grading criteria. 2014-2015 school essay needs to be awarded were. This course is made for busy students, so you may quickly get clarity on what you will need to do and how. You've got to compose several academic papers over the span of a year. The research question is suitable, therefore it does not suit in the reduce markband. Thesis statement must discover the scholarship application. Completely eliminate the chance of plagiarism in your work. Writing techniques needed to research proposal. One of the most frequent problems students encounter is settling on a proper Research Question. As an IB student, you are conversant with every one of the regions of knowledge. Despite the very best teacher, you will probably need more help outside the classroom to acquire through the more challenging concepts and topics. From time to time, the toughest part for a student is to choose a suitable topic. What Has to be Done About Tok Essay Topics 2013 Idea of the proper way to comprehend one another's viewpoint, but it's to understand how to write at least try to inform your interests you begin with an analytic essay is when you are some way to begin on a superior paper. Your aim is to work with basic essay structure, as opposed to against it. Furthermore, the entire writing process will become a struggle if you aren't passionate in regards to the theme. Conclusion of TOK essay The aim of the conclusion is to make an awareness of closure in the audience. Look out for the TOK essay word limit as things can acquire deep and wordy in this portion of the TOK writing. Ask yourself questions ought to be able to compose an essay. It is possible to even use the strategies within this short article to your presentation. For each and every argument, you desire a counter argument. Therefore there's a mathematical structure isomorphic to our own universe and that's the universe we dwell in. Generally, analytical techniques are sometimes not successfully carried out, inducing the essay to get rid of coherence on occasion because an argument might not be fully followed through. The answers to these questions might or might not result in a reformulation of the principle.

Thursday, January 2, 2020

In Mental Health However Are Not Adequate To Match For

in mental health however are not adequate to match for it. It was estimated that, in 1990, mental and neurological disorders accounted for about 10% of the total DALYs (disability adjusted life years) lost due to all diseases and injuries. This was 12% in 2000. By 2020, it is projected that the burden of these disorders will have increased to 15% (World health report 2001). Psychiatric disorders are now among the top ten causes of economic burden of diseases while depression alone is second in the list (30). According to census of India (2001) and National sample survey organisation (NSSO 2002) 10% of total disability in India is attributed to mental disorders. The projected estimates for the year 2020 reveal that in India,†¦show more content†¦Notwithstanding, psychiatry has been rated higher than any other discipline on intellectual challenge (3). Understanding the factors influencing students interest and respect for psychiatry is essential because of its obvious relevance to recruitment to psychiatry. Of the factors influencing students interest in psychiatry, medical school (institutional) factors may be amenable to corrective measures (Pardes, 1982; Zimny Sata, 1986) (India). MATERIAL AND METHOD This descriptive cross sectional questionnaire based comparative study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital in north India, that caters patients from several states such as Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Haryana, and Delhi. Two groups were formed Group A: first year professional students Group B: interns, undergoing compulsory rotatory internship after completion of final year professional exams. First year professional students and interns were approached through the college administration. The students were informed about the purpose of the study and that their participation was voluntary. They were assured that their identity and responses would remain confidential as no identifying data were required. All the first year professional students and interns who agreed to participate and ready to give consent wereShow MoreRelatedGender Equality And Its Effects On Society1363 Words   |  6 Pagesin what is called a gender society; males commonly monopolize politics, and engage in activities that are considered more noteworthy (Fleras, 2012, p. 155 156). Females on the other hand are often expected to take on maternal and parental roles, however this is often seen as work that is not important within many societies (Fleras, 2012, p. 155 156). These expectations, compounded with the fact that females have constantly been denied rights; both in the past as well as the present, makes it clearRead MoreThe Importance Of A Water Promotion Program710 Words   |  3 PagesPanabaker, 2017-2018). 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